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  ARIZONA PATRIOTS OF THE TUCSON PRESIDIO

The Tucson Presidio was the only one in present-day Arizona during Spain's 1779-1783 War with England. There was also a Pima Company in the last year of the war. Several accounts of those present during that period have been found. The number of soldiers assigned to the Tucson Presidio ranged from 60 to 70. The names of those identified are shown below. There were other patriots assigned to the Yuma settlements which were abolished by the Yumas 17-19 Jul 1781. Still others helped in the Expeditions against the Yumas. The soldiers of the Tucson Presidio sometimes joined soldiers from California, Sonora, New Mexico, and Nuevo Vizcaya in various expeditions affecting Arizona.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

Jose Maria Abate ( ). 1a:157, 159. 1782 Tucson, 1787 Presidio Buenavista.

Joaquin Acosta ( ). 1a:158. 1783, Tucson.

Capt. Pedro de Allende y Saabedra ( ). 1a:154,159. 1779 Tucson Commander, 1781 Tucson Presidio, 1782 Apache attack on Tucson, 1785 Tucson Commander. 6d.

Pedro de Allende ( ). 1a:157, 159. 1783, Cadet at Tucson, 1785 2d Ensign, Tucson.

Ramon Amesquita ( ). 1a:158. 1779, 1782, 1785, Tucson.

Luis Alviso (1738 Real de San Juan - ). 1a:157. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1783 Tucson. 2a:104.

Nicolas Anaya ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.

Ignacio Arias (1748 Mexico - ). 1a:157. 1775 Tubac, 1782 Fight at Tucson, 1783 Tucson.

Jose Manuel Ayala ( ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.

Jose Baldenegro ( ). 1a:158. 1782 Fight at Tucson, 1783 Tucson.

Francisco Barreda ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.

Jose Barrera ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.

Lt. Francisco Barrios ( ). 1a:159, 1785 Tucson Presidio, apparently serving elsewhere before 1785.

Distinguished Soldier Don Juan Belderain ( ). 1a:158. 1779, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Joaquin Berdugo ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan Manuel de Bonilla ( ). 1. 1781, Capt., Tucson. 2a:143.

Juan Bustamente ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Procopio Cancio ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Cayetano Canora ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Ensign Juan Antonio Carrillo ( ). 1. 1780 Sonora Expedition, 1782 May Day attack at Tucson. 1784 Tucson Presidio. 6d., 6e:146.

Juan Angel Castillo (1729 San Miguel de Guadalupe - ). 1a:158, 1775 Tubac soldier, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio. 2a:144.

Francisco Castro ( ). 1a:158, 1779 Tucson, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Javier Castro first ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Javier Castro second ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Ensign Jose Francisco de Castro ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson.

Jose Chamorro ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Domingo de la Cruz* ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Javier Cruz ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Francisco Xavier Diaz (1749 San Luis -). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

Juan Diaz ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Lt Nicolas de la Erran ( ). 1. 1783, Pima Company, 1787-88, Tubac Presidio Commander. 2a:161. 6d:63.

Francisco Xavier Espinosa (1749 Fronteras - ). 1. 1775, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson Presidio. 2a:144.

Joseph Benito Espinosa ( ). 1. 1783,Sgt, Pima Company, 2a:161.

Ygnacio Espinosa ( ). 1a:155, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Sgt Juan Fernandez ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Presidio.

Francisco Xavier Figueroa ( ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.

Fray Gabriel Franco ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Chaplain.

Jose Joaquin Gongora ( ). 1a:155, 157. 1778, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Francisco Gonzalez ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presido.

Sgt Jose Domingo Granillo (1754 Sopori - ). 1a:157, 1775, Tubac soldier, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson, 1796 Tucson. 2a:144.

Sevastian Granillo ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Javier Gurrola ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan Gurrola ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Manuel Hernandez* ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Joseph Legara ( ). 1. 1783, Pima Company soldier. 2a:161.

Joaquin Lopez ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan Luque ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Miguel Luque ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Francisco Xavier Marquez ( ). 1a:157, 159, 1775 Tubac soldier, 1783 Tucson, 1785 Tucson Sgt. 2a:144.

Jose Ignacio Martinez (1747 San Juan - ). 1a:153, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.

Juan Vicente Martinez (1749 Buenavista - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

Ysidro Martinez (1748 San Lorenzo - killed at Yuma). 1a:153, 1775, Tubac soldier, 1776/77 Anza, 1781, Tucson Presidio and Yuma. 2a:144. 6a. 10d.

Martin Mascareno ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Juan Jose Medina (1747 Santa Ana - ). 1a:157. 1775, Tubac soldier, 1779, 1783 Tucson. 2a:144.

Jose Cayetano Mesa (Villa de San Miguel - killed by Yumas). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; later at Tucson, 1781Yuma. 2a:144.

Clemente Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Domingo Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan de Mesa (1758 Sinaloa - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

Ygnacio Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Luis Messa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Salis? Manuel Miranda ( ). 1. 1775 Tubac soldier. 2a:144. (This may be Salvador Miranda ( ). 1a:158, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.)

Juan Ocovoa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Sgt Juan Antonio Oliva (1756 Tubac - ). 1a:157, 1775, Tubac soldier; 1783 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson, 1796 Tucson. 2a:144.

Joaquin Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Jose Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan de Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Manuel Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Ensign Diego de Oyo ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson Presidio.

Vicente Pacheco ( ). 1a:1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.

Sgt Miguel Palacios ( ). 1. 1781Y, later Tucson. 10c:210.

Jose Antonio Palomino (1740 San Luis - ). 1a:153, 158. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1779-1783 Tucson. 2a:144.

Cpl Juan Miguel Palomino (1744 Tubutama - killed at Yuma). 1a:153. 1775, Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma. 2a:144. 5BI:359. 6a.

Fray Francisco Perdigon ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson Chaplain.

Joseph Marcos Ramirez (1735 Fronteras - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; later at Tucson, 1776/77 Anza. 2a:144. 6a.

Juan Ramirez ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan Gregorio Rios ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Presidio drummer.

Cpl Pasqual Rivera (1742 San Luis - killed by Yumas). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma. 2a:144. 6a.

Francisco Romero ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio, 1776/77 Anza. 6a. (There may have been two persons with this name.)

Jose Antonio Romero ( - 19 Jul 1781, Yuma). 1. 1775, Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma settler. 2a:144. 6a.

Juan Bautista Romero (23 June 1754 Tubac - ). 1a:157. 1779-1783 Tucson, 1817, Ensign, Tubac; retired, August, 1818, after 45 years service at Tubac and Tucson. 2a:234.

Juan Andres Salazar (1750 Mistepori - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

Mario Santa Cruz ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Modesto Hilario/Ylario Santa Cruz (1752 Real de Mortero - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson; 1796, retired, Tucson. 2a:144.

Ensign Jose Maria Sosa (1747 Tecori - ). 1a:159. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1782 and 1784 Tucson Sgt; 1796 Tucson. 2a:144,289.

Manuel Vicente de Sosa ( ). 1a:157, 1778-1783 Tucson Presidio.

Simon Soto ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Jose Tisnado ( ), 1a:157, 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.

Juan Tisnado ( ). 1a:158, 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.

Ensign Jose de Tona ( ). 1a:154, 1778, 1779 Tucson 1st Sgt, 1780 Sonora Expedition, 1782 Tucson Presidio during Apache attack. 6e:146.

Jose Antonio Urena (1746 - ). 1. 1775 at Tubac, 1783 Tucson Armorer, 1784 Tucson Prison. 2a:144.

Bautista Urquijo ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Brevet Capt. Miguel de Urrea ( - March 1780 killed by Apaches). 1a:154, 1779, Tucson Lt, 1780 Altar. 2a:135. 6d.

Francisco Ussaraga ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.

Ensign Ygnacio Ussarraga ( - 1782, died from Apache wounds). 1. 1782 Tucson Presidio May day defense. 6e:146.

Ensign Don Felix Ussaraga ( ). 1a:159, 1784, Tucson, wounded.

Sgt Juan/Jose de la Vega ( - killed at Yuma). 1a154, 155. 1778-1779, Tucson Sgt, 1781Yuma.

Juan Simon Vera ( ). 1a:155, 157, 1778-1783, Tucson Presidio.

Juan Jose Villa (1743 Pitic - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

Pedro Sebastian Villaescusa ( ). 1. Lt, 1783 Tumacacori, 1787 Tubac, San Rafael de Buenavista Company. 2a. 6d:63.

Agustin de la Yguera ( ). 1a:158. 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.

Jose Ignacio Zamora (1752 Sinaloa - killed at Yuma). 1a:153. 1775 soldier at Tubac, 1781 Yuma. 5BI:359.

Miguel Zamora (1733 Sinaloa - ). 1a:153. 1775, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

References:

1a. Henry F. Dobyns, Spanish Colonial Tucson: A Demographic History, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1978.

2a. John L. Kessell, Soldiers, Friars, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier, 1767-1856, Tucson, AZ, The University of Arizona Press.

6a. Herbert Eugene Bolton, Anza's California Expeditions, in five volumes. In Vol 5:203, under "Correspondence" is the list of Tubac soldiers who were with Anza on his 1776/77 Expedition. It is assumed they were transferred to Tucson and continued in service. Jay J. Wagoner in his Early Arizona, referred to this list in a footnote, p 125.

6d. James E. Officer, Hispanic Arizona 1536-1856, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1987.

6e. Jay J. Wagoner, Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1975.

10c. Roland L. Ives, Jose Velasquez: Saga of a Borderland Soldier, Tucson, AZ, Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1984. This contained a list of those in Fages' Diary, with annotations.

10d. Nadine Vasquez, extracts from AGI, Guadalajara 517, and used with her permission.